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So Milton, in his Paradise Lost, speaks of "an universe of death," and "a world of woe." First Reading. In the various situations of life, we are often both receiving instruction and giving instruction, so he warns that we need … What else is there that might, with so much propriety, be represented as a little world of iniquity? The responsibility of the teacher (James 3:1) 2. (3) Indeed, we put bits in horses' mouths that they may obey us, and we turn their … ), so particularly must the tongue be kept from “evil-speaking, lying, and slandering,” and used rightly for the service of God. In James 1:23, as we have seen, πρόσωπον τῆς γενέσεως, is the face of his birth. Salem Media Group. CHAPTER 3. (c) It is able to set the whole world on fire. sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper", there is no arrow but the tongue, according to Jeremiah 9:8 and there is no mighty one but God, Isaiah 42:13 "coals of juniper", , these are hell.''. And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity. James begins with a piece of general advice that leads to his main discussion of the use of the tongue. Tertullian says: "The whole revolving wheel of existence bears witness to the resurrection of the dead." The man who has a slandering tongue, cannot … Commentary on James 3:1-12. The tongue is set … Taming the Tongue. This differs a little from the simple is, though it is not easy to render it accurately. course of nature—"the orb (cycle) of creation.". Sermon from James 3:1-12 PRACTICAL CHRISTIAN LIVING #6 - Controlling the Tongue James 3:1 Not many should become teachers, my brothers, knowing that we will receive a stricter judgment, 2 for we all stumble in many ways. The tongue is an unrighteous world among our members, staining the whole body, setting on fire the cycle of nature, and set on fire by hell. I. James has much in common with the Sermon on the Mount (Pr 16:27). It is relatively small compared to the size of the ship, but with his hand on the wheel or tiller, the pilot can steer a mammoth ship, even in a strong wind.James’ poi… James 3:6. Then it means the course run by a wheel; a circular course or circuit. Listening, Taking Action, and Avoiding Anger (James 1:19–21) Doers of the Word: Working for Those in Need (James 1:22–27) Discriminating Against the Poor and Currying Favor with the Rich (James 2:1–13) Faith and Work(s) (James 2:14–26) Taming the Tongue (James 3:1–12) Selfish Ambition and Submission to God (James … revolving from birth, and is kindled of hell. Greetings.. The significance of a controlled tongue (James 3:1–2) 1. 2. They a… The need for control over the tongue (James 3:3–6) 1. If all men would speak only that which ought to be spoken, what a change would come over the face of human affairs! James 3:1-12 - Victory over an Unruly Tongue. The tongue is in our members that which defileth the whole body, and setteth the world aflame, and is set on fire itself of Gehenna. (3 When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them … We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Testing of Your Faith. Preached at Life BPC 1045am Service, 2013-03-10. 2 e Count it all joy, my brothers, 2 when you meet trials f of various kinds, 3 for you know that g the testing of your faith h produces steadfastness. Lit., setting on fire. We always regard such a man as corrupt to the core. Brainwave 075: Lectionary Texts for 13 September 2009. That is a lot of talking! Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 100. So is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body - It stains or pollutes the whole body. Brent Kercheville July 4, 2010 Click here to listen to this lesson. of hell—that is, of the devil. The more literal sense would be that which refers to an individual; but perhaps the apostle meant to speak in a popular sense, and thought of the affairs of the world as they roll on from age to age, as all enkindled by the tongue, keeping the world in a constant blaze of excitement. The word rendered "nature" (γένεσις genesis), means "procreation, birth, nativity;" and therefore the phrase means, literally, the wheel of birth - that is, the wheel which is set in motion at birth, and which runs on through life. (2) For we all stumble in many things. People who teach the bible need to have a healthy fear of God because they will stand before God not just to give an account of the things that they have done, but also for the things that they have … Just as the tiniest of sparks can ignite a great forest fire, the smallest of words, unwisely spoken, can cause immeasurable harm. Even so the tongue is a little member and boasts great things. James uses two analogies here to make the point that the tongue is small, but mighty: the bit and the rudder. A man of pure conversation is understood and felt to be pure in every respect; but who has any confidence in the virtue of the blasphemer, or the man of obscene lips, or the calumniator and slanderer? Chapter 3 1. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 3:1-12 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: James seems to be moving in a very different direction after his discourse on works, which concluded, "faith apart from works is dead" (2:14-26). To counter this common failure to practice self-criticism, James reminds us that we all fall short of what we should … Commentary on Isaiah 50:4-9a James 3:6. There is nothing else pertaining to us as moral and intellectual beings, which exerts such an influence over ourselves as the tongue. Earlier James wrote that those who are practicing true, pure, and undefiled religion before God bridle the tongue (1:26). All rights reserved. James 3:1. 2. If anyone does not stumble in word, he is a perfect man, able also to bridle the whole body. James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. Commentary on Mark 8:27-38. Who can number the evils produced by the "honeyed" words of the seducer; or by the tongue of the eloquent in the maintenance of error, and the defense of wrong? setteth on fire … is set on fire—habitually and continually. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 2. James 3:1-18.DANGER OF EAGERNESS TO TEACH, AND OF AN UNBRIDLED TONGUE: TRUE WISDOM SHOWN BY UNCONTENTIOUS MEEKNESS. Nay, if we be truly Christ’s, though “reviled” by the unruly tongues of others, we shall, like Him, “revile not again” (1Peter 2:23). See how great a forest a little fire kindles! These letters were sent out as circular epistles to be passed around and read in several … From the radical sense, to run, comes the meaning course, as the course of the sun; and from this a place for running, a race-course. In James 3:1-18 we see that the tongue has power; that it is by nature hypocritical; and that it can only be transformed from above. sub voce γένεσεως geneseōs. The voice of Thy thunder teas in the heaven, Thy lightnings lightened the world: Ἡ ΓΛῶΣΣΑ ΚΑΘΊΣΤΑΤΑΙ ἘΝ ΤΟῖς ΜΈΛΕΣΙΝ ἩΜῶΝ Ἡ ΣΠΙΛΟῦΣΑ ὍΛΟΝ ΤῸ ΣῶΜΑ, the tongue is that which defiles the whole body, inasmuch as being that which both inflames and is itself inflamed, being that which both inflames and is inflamed, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. If then we would “walk in love” we must curb the tongue; but, better still, strive to cleanse the heart, and so be quite determined that nothing shall go forth but words of meekness and affection. The same thing is true of a ship’s rudder. The very spirit of that world of fire and wickedness - a spirit of falsehood, and slander, and blasphemy, and pollution - seems to inspire the tongue. 4. Hence, often a wheel. And as the whole body is the Lord’s to be sanctified to Him (1Corinthians 6:19 et seq. 12. Κόσμος, primarily, means order, and is applied to the world or universe as an orderly system. If James had been directed to the Diaspora, it most certainly would have included a section hailing Jesus Christ as the Messiah; but the addressees of this epistle were already Christians. Ἡ ΓΛῶΣΣΑ ΚΟΣΜΕῖ ΤῊΝ ἈΔΙΚΊΑΝ ΔΙᾺ Τῆς ΤῶΝ ῬΗΤΌΡΩΝ ΕὐΓΛΏΤΤΟΥ ΔΕΙΝΌΤΗΤΟς, τροχὸς ἅρματος γὰρ οἷα βίστος τρέχει κυλισθείς, And in his lips there is as a scorching fire, And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity. 1. 2. fol. And the tongue is a fire It is like to fire, very useful in its place, to warm and comfort; so is the tongue in Christian conversation, and in the ministry of the word; the hearts of God's children burn within them, while they are talking together, and while the Scriptures of truth are opening to them; but as fire should be carefully watched, and kept, so should men take heed to their ways, that they sin not with their tongue, and keep their tongue from evil, and their lips from speaking guile; for as fire kindles and rises up into a flame, so unchaste, angry, and passionate words, stir up the flame of lust, anger, envy, and revenge; and as fire is of a spreading nature, so are lies, scandal, and evil reports vented by the tongue; and as fire devours all that comes in its way, such are the words of an evil tongue; and therefore are called devouring words, ( Psalms 52:4 ) they devour the good names of men, and corrupt their good manners, and destroy those who make use of them; and what wood is to fire, and coals to burning coals, that are whisperers, tale bearers, backbiters, and contentious persons to strife, ( Proverbs 26:20 Proverbs 26:21 ). To c the twelve tribes in d the Dispersion:. Lex. With all the good which it does, who can estimate the amount of evil which it causes? The course of nature (τροχὸν τῆς γενέσεως). Perhaps some sought to be teachers so as to appear wise. James 3:6. But his emphasis on consistently speaking blessings rather than mixing blessings and cursings grows … Only here and Jde 1:23. And setteth on fire the course of nature; Also the tongue is a fire, the world of unrighteousness; the tongue sets itself among our members, as that which defileth the whole body and kindleth the wheel. James 3:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 3:6, NIV: "The tongue also is a fire, a world of evil among the parts of the body. 4 And let steadfastness have … 1. be not--literally, "become not": taking the office too hastily, and of your own accord. Faith tested by its production of self-control (James 3:1–18) A. among our members, that it defileth the whole body. The Rev., which gives nature, puts birth in margin. The meaning is, that a great collection of iniquity proceeds from the tongue. The idea here is, that that which causes the tongue to do so much evil derives its origin from hell. It is thus a figurative description of human life. of We mean by it that it is an epitome of the world; that all that there is in the world is represented there on a small scale. This Sunday’s passage involves one of the more peculiar passages in the New Testament. Look also at ships: although they are so large and are driven by fierce winds, they are turned by a very small rudder wherever the pilot desires. According to statisticians, the average person spends at least one fifth of his or her life talking. James 3:1-12. James has indeed been talking about the tongue, and he is going to take the matter even farther in chapter 3. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. Of the truth of this, no one can have any doubt. And the tongue, &c.— St. James seems to have called the tongue of man a world of iniquity, in the same sense that we say "a world of riches,"—"a sea of trouble,"—"an ocean of delights." To which purpose are those words of the Talmud F11; Proud member Indeed, we put bits in horses’ mouths that they may obey us, and we turn their whole body. "The tongue is (constituted), among the members, the one which defileth," &c. (namely, as fire defiles with its smoke). Whether applied to an individual life, or to the world at large, every one can see the justice of the comparison. God holds us all accountable for what we have learned as well as how we instruct others. James 2:14-26 James 3:1-5 James 3:6-12 James 3:13-18 James 4:1-10 James 4:11-17 James 5:1-6 James 5:7-12 James 5:13-15 James 5:16-20 : James 3:6-12 " 6 And the tongue is a fire. Some enjoy getting up in front and talking even when they are doing a poor job. The Greek word also (τροχός trochos) means "a wheel," or any thing made for revolving and running. James was a common name and there are several men called James inthe *New Testament. A bit is a relatively small instrument, but when you put it into a horse’s mouth, you can control the entire horse. “Speech is silver; silence, gold.” But even the Christian world will not endure overmuch the godly discipline of silence. Who can gauge the amount of broils, and contentions, and strifes, and wars, and suspicions, and enmities, and alienations among friends and neighbors, which it produces? Only in this verse in New Testament. On the other hand, the concept of God's jealousy towards his people is a clear theme in the Old and New Testaments, for example, in Genesis 6:3-7; Exodus 20:5; Zechariah 1:14; Matthew 6:24; Romans 8:7; 1 John 2:15-17. We have also seen that it is not good to … 15. James 3:6, ESV: "And the tongue is a fire, a world of unrighteousness. The evidence of the perfect man (James 3:2) B. Yet James writes that wisdom and understanding are to be shown by one's conduct, done in meekness. Anyone who enters into the ministry lightly probably shouldn't be in the ministry; especially the teaching of God's word. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 2 Introduction to James Background of the Book The Epistle of James is one of the general epistles, including 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2 and 3 John, and Jude. It might be rendered hath its place. James then provides a series of illustrations to demonstrate the power and danger of the tongue, and how we can easily be inconsistent in our use of it (1-12). So when the tongue is spoken of as being "a world of iniquity," it is meant that all kinds of evil that are in the world are exhibited there in miniature; it seems to concentrate all sorts of iniquity that exist on the earth. Yalkut, par. Lit., defiling. It may be a matter of doubt whether this refers to successive generations, or to the course of individual life. - Rob. a sea of troubles, a deluge of wickedness. Ordinarily, in a single day enough words are used to fill a 50-page book. Erachin, fol. He wrote to the *Jewish Christians who had left *Israel tolive in other countries. …  E. M. Zerr, Bible Commentary, James (Marion, Indiana: The Cogdill Foundation, 1954), p. 241. The image which seems to have been before the mind of the apostle was that of a torch which enkindles and burns everything as it goes along - a torch itself lighted at the fires of hell. ((i) Otiot R. Aquiba in Ketoreth Hassammim in Gen. fol. The verb means to appoint, establish, institute, and is used of the tongue as having an appointed and definite place in a system (among our members). Used of the circuit of fortifications and of circles or zones of land or sea. So is the tongue amongst our members, that it defileth the whole body: the body politic, a whole nation, filling it with contention, strife, division, and confusion; and the ecclesiastical body, the church, by sowing discord, fomenting animosities, making parties, and spreading errors and heresies, whereby the temple of God is defiled; and the natural body, and the several members of it, even the whole person of a man, soul and body, bringing upon him a blot of infamy and reproach never to be wiped off; as for instance, the vice of the tongue, lying, does; and oftentimes through the tongue, the actions done in the body, which seem good, are quite spoiled: and setteth on fire the course of nature, or "wheel of nature": the natural body, as before, in which there is a continual rotation or circulation of the blood, by which it is supported; this is the wheel broken at the cistern at death, in Ecclesiastes 12:6 or the course of a man's life and actions, yea, of all generations, and the vicissitudes and changes which have happened in them, on which the tongue has a great influence; and so the Syriac version renders it, "and sets on fire the series of our genealogies, or our generations, which run like wheels": or it may intend the frame of nature, the whole fabric of the universe, and the general conflagration of it, which will be owing to the tongue; or because men's tongues are against the Lord, to provoke the eyes of his glory, because of the hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against Christ and his people, of which they will be convinced by flames of fire about them: and it is set on fire of hell; that is, by the devil; for as heaven sometimes is put for God, who dwells in heaven, Matthew 21:25 so hell is put for the devil, whose habitation it is; see Matthew 16:18, and the sense is, that the tongue is influenced, instigated, and stirred up by Satan, to speak many evil things, and it will be hereafter set on fire in hell, as the tongue of the rich man in Luke 16:24. We must know the power of the tongue (3:1-8) Most people want to be heard. A resource for the whole church from … And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell. Commentary on James 3:1-12 (Read James 3:1-12) We are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of the greatest evils. The first is experienced by hot tempered folk; the second yielded to by the malicious; the third welcomed by the otherwise weak and defenceless; and all of us at times are in each of these divisions. Nothing could better characterize much of that which the tongues does, than to say that it has its origin in hell, and has the spirit which reigns there. The tongue is a fire — Which often produces a great conflagration; a world of iniquity — This is a metaphor of the same kind with a sea of troubles, a deluge of wickedness. In James 2:14ff. Next, James anticipates a problem universal among teachers. What better way to be heard as a believer than to be a teacher of the gospel? Indeed “there is no iniquity which an unbridled tongue is not … To which purpose are those words of the Talmud (k); "whoever uses an evil tongue, the holy blessed God says to hell, I concerning him above, and thou concerning him below, will judge him, as it is said, Psalm 120:3. Print All Text Print All Commentary . 15. Erachin, fol. Commentary on James 1:26,27 (Read James 1:26,27) When men take more pains to seem religious than really to be so, it is a sign their religion is in vain. A world of iniquity is an organism containing within itself all evil essence, which from it permeates the entire man. And it is set on fire of hell - Hell, or Gehenna, is represented as a place where the fires continually burn. Greek, "Gehenna"; found here only and in Mt 5:22. James 3:1–12 contains the single most sustained discussion in the New Testament on the use of the tongue. The other passage is Matthew 1:18, according to the best texts, also meaning birth. Γενέσεως rendered nature, means origin, beginning, birth, manner of birth, production, and is used by Plato for the creation, or the sum of created things. 127. The key Greek words in James 4:5 that the NIV translates "envies intensely" are phthonon epipothei. When James invites people who are (supposedly) wise and understanding to step forward and identify themselves, he is returning more explicitly to the topic of "teachers" addressed in 3:1... View the entire commentary 3 Not many of you should become teachers, my fellow believers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly. It occupies a position and relation so important in respect to every part of our moral frame, that there is no portion which is not affected by it. Commentary on James 3:1-12. The Syriac version renders this clause thus, "and the world of iniquity is as wood"; or the branch of a tree; the tongue is fire, and a wicked world is fuel to it. is—literally, "is constituted." “. Τροχός, (only here in New Testament), from τρέχω, to run, applies generally to anything round or circular which runs or rolls, as a wheel or sphere. Who can measure the evils which arise from scandal, and slander, and profaneness, and perjury, and falsehood, and blasphemy, and obscenity, and the inculcation of error, by the tongue? World is used in the same sense as in the latter part of Proverbs 17:6 (Sept.), which is not given in the A. V. "The trusty hath the whole world of things, but the faithless not a groat.". I take the author of this little book to have been James, the half-brother of our Lord Jesus. The problem is this: teachers have a tendency to be self-satisfied. Then, again, there are the “foolish talkings” (Ephesians 5:4), and worse, the jestings at holy things, and misquotations of Scripture: all to be avoided as not becoming saints. many--The office is a noble one; but few are fit for it.Few govern the tongue well ( James … See the notes at Matthew 5:22. James 3:5-6. But he does not tell us whichJames he is. (h) T. Bab. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. These verses are crucial for understanding the Gospel according to Mark as a whole and for fathoming what it means to be Christian. James A WATCH ON THE DOOR OF THE LIPS Jam 3:1-15‘THERE is a recurrence to earlier teaching in Jam 1:19; Jam 1:26, which latter verse suggests the figure of the bridle.James has drunk deep into Old Testament teaching as to the solemn worth of speech, and into Christ’s declaration that by their words men will be justified or … September 13, 2009. In the New Testament it occurs but twice outside of this epistle, viz., at Matthew 1:1, "the book of the generation of Jesus Christ," where the meaning is origin or birth; the birth-book of Jesus Christ. he exposes the hypocrisy of speaking a word of blessing without doing anything to be a blessing. James 3:1-12 My brethren, let not many of you become teachers, knowing that we shall receive a stricter judgment. (k) T. Bab. Sermon Brainwave. A Word of Warning to Would-Be Teachers. James 3:1-2a a world of iniquity; that is, as the world is full of things, and full of sin, for it lies in wickedness, so is the tongue full of iniquity; there is a world of it in it; it abounds with it; it cannot well be said how much sin is in it, and done, or occasioned by it; as blasphemy against God, Father, Son, and Spirit; cursing of men, imprecations on themselves, their souls, and bodies, and on others, with a multitude of profane and dreadful oaths; obscene, filthy, and unchaste words; angry, wrathful, and passionate ones; lies, flatteries, reproaches, backbitings, whisperings, tale bearings And the Jews say, that he that uses an evil tongue multiplies transgression, and that it is equal to idolatry, adultery, and murder F8, and the cause of all sin; and which they express by way of fable, in this manner F9: So is the tongue amongst our members, that it defileth the whole body: the body politic, a whole nation, filling it with contention, strife, division, and confusion; and the ecclesiastical body, the church, by sowing discord, fomenting animosities, making parties, and spreading errors and heresies, whereby the temple of God is defiled; and the natural body, and the several members of it, even the whole person of a man, soul and body, bringing upon him a blot of infamy and reproach never to be wiped off; as for instance, the vice of the tongue, lying, does; and oftentimes through the tongue, the actions done in the body, which seem good, are quite spoiled: and setteth on fire the course of nature, or "wheel of nature": the natural body, as before, in which there is a continual rotation or circulation of the blood, by which it is supported; this is the wheel broken at the cistern at death, in ( Ecclesiastes 12:6 ) or the course of a man's life and actions, yea, of all generations, and the vicissitudes and changes which have happened in them, on which the tongue has a great influence; and so the Syriac version renders it, "and sets on fire the series of our genealogies, or our generations, which run like wheels": or it may intend the frame of nature, the whole fabric of the universe, and the general conflagration of it, which will be owing to the tongue; or because men's tongues are against the Lord, to provoke the eyes of his glory, because of the hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against Christ and his people, of which they will be convinced by flames of fire about them: and it is set on fire of hell; that is, by the devil; for as heaven sometimes is put for God, who dwells in heaven, ( Matthew 21:25 ) ( Luke 15:18 ) so hell is put for the devil, whose habitation it is; see ( Matthew 16:18 ) , and the sense is, that the tongue is influenced, instigated, and stirred up by Satan, to speak many evil things, and it will be hereafter set on fire in hell, as the tongue of the rich man in ( Luke 16:24 ) .
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