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During its sometimes tortuous career, the concept of ideology has commonly been used as a political weapon to condemn or criticize rival creeds or doctrines. 1. Basic concepts in Political Science Expected outcome: At the end of the topic students should be able to demonstrate sound knowledge of basic concepts in political science Readings: Ekpekurede, W. and Umukoro (2010) Political Science-An Introduction. KEY CONCEPTS IN POLITICAL SCIENCE Power, Influence, Authority, Legitimacy, Control POWER It is a broader concept than authority. xix-xx, Dahl and Levi 2009, p. 6). Authority does represent the right to expect or secure compliance; authority is backed by legitimacy. political concept. Other articles where The Concept of Power is discussed: Robert A. Dahl: In “The Concept of Power” (1957), his first major contribution to the field of political science, Dahl developed a formal definition of power that was frequently cited as an important (though incomplete) insight into the phenomenon. One criterion was whether rule is conducted in the interest of rulers, or for the common good. A concept analysis of the political writings of Aristotle to the present would no doubt reveal power as the central concept around which attempt to explain politics have revolved.” In his writings, Montesquieu suggested that ‘Power’ was a central point for the study of Political Science. The words that signify such concepts do not simply refer to a political practice or evoke a political ideal but are introduced in order to refute, marginalize or discredit an adversary. Power and Authority: Authority, Power and Coercion, The Nature of Authority; Social Theories of Power. Power is the ability or potentials of a person to influence another person or a group to perform an act. The text draws on academic and applied contributions to political discourse in an effort to show students that political science is a field of inquiry with many practical uses. 5. Index of Articles on Political Science: Terms and Concepts. The power of the church was basically ideological. Objectives: To become fluent in how the concept of power is conceptualized and deployed across the canon of political theory. However, the study of government and power is not confined to political science—it naturally permeates into other social sciences as well. The term ‘ideology’ was coined in 1796 by the French philosopher Destutt de Tracy (1754–1836). to do so; no right is implied in the concept of power. The meaning of power and authority has been summarised by Steven Lukes (1978). The roots of the concept are grounded in political theory and political philosophy. The concept of power derives its ultimate meaning from the 2 strong bases of power. Power may be regarded as one of the central concepts of political science. of the social discourse. the ‘power elite’ and ‘community power’ ideas of C. Wright Mills and Floyd Hunter (Polsby 1980, pp. Conceptual historical approaches to the study of the history and changes of political concepts, has important resources to offer for analysing and tackling these questions. acquired some political and economic power, but its power was based primarily on the great influence of the Christian religion. Introduction (Power) •Power is core concept of Political Theory, •Political science is defined as the study of the shaping and sharing of power. This course is intended as an introduction to the field of political theory in which we examine the concept of “power” specifically. e. Study of the past, present and future of development- political science attempts to explain the meaning and the essential nature of the state and deals with the laws of its progress and State: The State in Political Philosophy, The Economic Theory of the State, The Organic Theory of the State. Concept of Political Science Page 1 CONCEPTS OF POLITICAL SCIENCE STUDY MATERIAL II Semester (C BCSS -2019 Admn.) Introduction to Political Science Objectives The course Introduction to Political Science offers students a first introduction to the central concepts and questions of Political Science. Every political concept, he writes, is a polemical concept. If power is increasingly scattered and invisible, how might we meaningfully resist it? type of power that involves the use of incentives; one agent gives another agent an item in return for another item. Power is the ability or capacity to make decisions Political concepts are themselves controversial and an object of politics and always related to changes in the real world: they are objects and indicators of political changes, conflicts or debates. PDF | Freedom is a complex concept, ... that concept within political science and political theory in particular scholars have. Power, Authority and the State 7 also an important concept in political sociology. He is currently working on a study of the politics of objectivity and the foundations of political conflict. of Political Science and Humanities at Reed College. The goal of Basic Political Concepts is to provide exactly what the title suggests: a small set of carefully defined and interrelated words that can be used to describe and analyze a wide range of political phenomena and issues. 4. ‘Given a regime in which the opponents of the government cannot openly and legally organize into political parties in … For purposes of differentiating between power and authority, let us examine the relationship between the manager of a sawmill and her subordinates. Chapter 1 focuses on concepts useful in analyzing individual decisions and actions, which surely are the basic "stuff" What distinguishes political science as an academic discipline is its emphasis on government and power. In social science and politics, power is the capacity of an individual to influence the actions, beliefs, or conduct (behaviour) of others. According to Dahl, “A has power over B to the… Like the concept of power, the concept of ideology has a long and complicated history in the social sciences. THE CONCEPT OF POWER by Robert A. Dahl Department oj Political Science, Yale University What is “power”? Sovereignty: Concept, Characteristics and History, Austin’s Theory of Sovereignty, Pluralism and State Sovereignty. Separation of powers, division of the legislative, executive, and judicial functions of government among separate and independent bodies. thesis: the concept of ‘power’ and ‘authority’ in niccolo machiavelli: an analysis In Aristotle’s evaluation of different constitutions, he considered some as better than others. Course Texts and Readings Due to challenges presented by the global pandemic and because this course is being offered on-line, I am providing all readings in pdf format. From this definition is developed a statement of power comparability, or the relative degree of power held by two or more persons. Such a separation limits arbitrary excesses by government, since the sanction of all three branches is required for the making, executing, and administering of laws. Most people have an intuitive notion of what it means. 3. The concept of power is as ancient and ubiquitous as any that social theory can boast. tion for legal and political theory. Political Concepts and Political Theories introduces political theory by focusing on enduring disputes about the nature of freedom, power, equality, justice, democracy, and authority. In the period after the Second World War, power was a central concept only in the political sciences. B.A. The present edition of An Introduction to Political Theory by OP Gauba PDF is different from its previous edition in many ways. For Schmitt, political concepts are concepts that are used against specific enemies. Given this ubiquity, one suspects that there indeed exists such a Thing as power which can more or less be systematically studied. approaches, key concepts in political science, political theory and political ideo-logy, comparative politics and U.S. politics, and international relations. National interest is the most crucial concept in international relations.It is the key concept in foreign policy as it provides the material based on which foreign policy is made. They are as follows: Informal Power refers to the power that comes from an individual’s unique characteristics. The core idea is that politics concerns conflict as well as cooperation regarding matters that have to be organised for large groups of people. 2. It is a possession of Control, Authority or Influence over others. Finally, The Power of Language in the Making of International Law by Stéphane Beaulac, studies the emergence of the modern concept of sovereignty. The entire text has been re-edited. POLITICAL SCIENCE CORE COURSE UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION Calicut … It is said that the concept of power holds the same status in the realm of political science as held by the concept of money in the realm of economics. While formulating foreign policy, all statesmen are guided by their respective national interests. State an organization that has a number of political functions and tasks, including providing security, extracting revenues, and forming rules for resolving disputes and allocating resources •The power is a core concept yet it remains contested concept. It is the ability of a person to fulfill his desire or to achieve his objectives 5. New material has been incorporated at many places to improve the quality of its presentation and to make it more logical, lucid, effective and up-to-date. His books include Logic and Politics: Hegel’s Philosophy of RightThe , Concept of Political Judgment and The Idea of the State. d. Study of political behavior of man- it may be said that the character of political science in all its parts is determined by its basic pre-supposition regarding man. According to Laswell and Kaplan, “The concept of power is perhaps the most fundamental in the whole of Political Science, the political process is the shaping, distribution and exercise of power (in a wider sense, of all the deference values or of influence in general)”. A related concept is authority. or pejorative connotations. All Download PDF of This Page (Size: 166K) ↧ Meaning of Power. With these concepts it is possible for example, to rank members of the United States Senate according to their “power” over legislation on … But scientists have not yet formulated a statement of the concept of power that is rigorous enough to be of use in the sys- tematic study of this important social phenomenon. It is a Central Concept of Political Science. To recognize how concepts of power may produce and reproduce ideas of gender, sexuality, nationality, and/or race in American life. The work of Lukes and Giddens contributed to the establishing of the importance of the concept of power in For example: Economics: Economic and political processes are closely related because the Russell defined Power as the production of intended effects. Lukes explains that, central to the idea of power is the notion of ‘bringing about consequences’, not unlike, for instance, the way in which your sociology teacher ensures that people In other words, the following 2 bases are the core foundation for organizational power. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps.
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