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The cry or proclamation of the king … Compare all. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Jonah 3:7. Let them not feed, nor drink water] But what they get of themselves without man’s care, who is to be wholly intent and taken up in God’s service; and so to begin the heavenly life here, the sweetness whereof makes him forbear both meat and thirst. The involvement of animals in the general mourning was not due to any notion that the animals had sinned; it was merely an Oriental custom. Jonah 3:7-8 English Standard Version (ESV). 2012. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". Take this for example from an inscription of Tiglath Pileser II. 3:7 "Do not let man, beast, herd or flock taste a thing. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. R.S.V. Hence the king of Nineveh attempted nothing that was inconsistent with the word of God, since he had in every thing this in view — that he and his people might go humbly before God’s tribunal, and with real penitential feelings solicit his forgiveness. Jonah 3:7 Context 4 And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/jonah-3.html. . "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/jonah-3.html. And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water: And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. But the question is not yet solved; for though God may punish animals on account of men’s sins, yet neither oxen nor sheep can pacify the wrath of God. The book seems to drop off a … And; as God commands and directs, so Jonah with ready, resolved, and obedient mind sets about the work. 7 And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, r "By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor s beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. Alexander, Jonah 3:7-8. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/jonah-3.html. When therefore Jonah afterwards subjoins, (48) that the king commanded both the people and the beasts to put on sackcloth, let us know, that if any one now were to take this as an example, he would be nothing else but a mountebank; for this reason ought ever to be remembered, — that the king sought aids by which he might lead himself and his people to true repentance. But Virgil specifies that this was the case at the death of Cæsar, (Ecl. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Jonah 3:7. Barnes's Jonah 3:7 Bible Commentary And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh; - literally, "And he cried and said, etc." A.S.V. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. We now then see that this must be considered as intended to terrify the consciences of men, that they, who had long flattered themselves, might by such a remedy be roused from their insensibility. & l. 4. c. 186. observes, from whom the Assyrians might take it. Second Chances. The major question of Jonah 4 is connected to the book's abrupt ending. Jonah Bible Study (DVDs + Paperback Study Guide) $59.99 Jonah Bible Study (Paperback Study Guide) $8.99 Jonah Bible Study (Digital Download) $59.99 Jonah Bible Study (PDF Digital Study Guide) $8.99 All Products. God therefore sent him on this initial mission to Nineveh. .—The fact that the word rendered “decree” in this verse was a technical name for the edicts of Assyrian and Babylonian kings (see Daniel 3:10; Daniel 3:29) would alone vouch for the accurate acquaintance of the author with the customs he describes. The Ninevites believed … This ancient custom of causing the animals to participate in the occasions of public mourning is still evidenced in the world by the custom of reversing the harness or saddles of horses in some funeral cortege of a president or some other famous person. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Young's 1871-8. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). In the horror of the impending ruin of Nineveh, superstition exaggerated the true feeling underlying such representations, and to the belief in the sympathy of the lower animals with man was added the hope that their sufferings would help to appease the wrath of God. "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". And published: this ingemination confirms the thing, and adds somewhat for showing the deep sense the king had both of his oral and his people’s sins, danger, and duty in this exigent. One of the great lessons of Jonah's failure and forgiveness is that God can continue to use those who return to Him. Jonah 3:1-5. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Violence.—This is the characteristic of Assyrian manners most frequently noticed in the prophets. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 16. Jonah was no longer rebellious. Jonah 3 New International Version (NIV) Jonah Goes to Nineveh. Jonah was an eyewitness of what he described in this passage; and the various unusual words used entered his vocabulary upon the same occasion as the events related. Yes, he says. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/jonah-3.html. The aim of this paper is to provide commentary on the Hebrew text of Jonah 3:1-10, with special attention given to exegetical decisions based on syntactic observation, lexical and structural analysis, and textual issues. And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh; -, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, saying, let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. The teaching on the born-again doctrine—found primarily in John 3 but expanded by Paul, Peter, and John in later writings—has been prone to misunderstanding since Jesus Christ spoke to Nicodemus about it nearly two thousand years ago. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. This was done to excite rational beings to repentance. 1765. Who can tell . But the very form of the royal edict is here preserved. But it seems strange, and even ridiculous, that the king should bid animals, as well as men, to make a confession of repentance; for penitence is a change in man, when he returns to God after having been alienated from him: this cannot comport with the character of brute animals. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. 7. This verse further describes how seriously the king and his nobles regarded their situation and to what extent they went to encourage citywide contrition. Even infants, according to the Fathers, Joel ii. Of a certain prince in Germany it was said that, Esset alius, si esset apud alios, He would have been a far better man had he had better servants and officers about him (Bucholcer). 3. Even in this repentance the edict does not stop to distinguish beast from man, but includes all, as all were involved in the threatened destruction. Darby They did not regard their animals as needing to humble themselves but viewed them as expressing the spirit of their owners. 8. The nobles probably originated the decree and the king confirmed it, (cf. And he caused it to be proclaimed] By sound of trumpet, as Joel 2:12; or otherwise, as 2 Chronicles 20:3-4; 2 Chronicles 20:18-20; 2 Chronicles 22:6-7; at which times he that obeyeth not is culpable before God and man, Leviticus 23:29. (See Nahum 2:11-12; Nahum 3:1; Isaiah 10:13-14.) They therefore saw in the ox, or the lamb, or the goat, a striking emblem of their own condemnation. So, Heb. Just like Jonah, many spiritual leaders received a second chance to do what God called him to do. Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. Let neither man nor beast taste any thing — This was ordered to add the greater solemnity to the humiliation, and that men might be affected by the mournful cries of the cattle under such restraints, and thereby be moved to greater sorrow and contrition. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. A Heartless Prophet, Jonah 4; Scriptures: Jonah 3. The brute creatures share in the evil effects of man's sin (Jonah 4:11, "Should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than six score thousand ... and also much cattle;" Romans 8:20; Romans 8:22): so they here, according to Eastern custom, are made to share in man's outward indications of humiliation. 1865-1868. 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. John 3:1-8. DD. 1871-8. BibliographyBeza, Theodore. 5. l. 24, &c. describes the mourning for the death of Caesar by the oxen not coming to the rivers to drink, nor touching the grass of the field; and to afflict their minds the more, and for their greater mortification, since these creatures were for their use and pleasure, Fasting was used by the Heathens; as well as the Jews, in some cases; particularly the Egyptians, as HerodotusF23L. "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". Let neither man nor beast - o“Are brutes too then to fast, horses and mules to be clothed with sackcloth? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/jonah-3.html. 2. c. 4. Do not let them eat or drink water. All other rights reserved. 7 But God prepared a worm at dawn the next day, and it chewed on the vine, so that it withered. Anyone who ever witnessed the lowing of thirsty cattle can never forget the terrible impact of it. Jonah 3 English Standard Version (ESV) Jonah Goes to Nineveh. This then is an answer sufficiently plain. . The verse should probably run: And he caused to be proclaimed, and be published in Nineveh “According to the decree of the king and his magnates be it proclaimed that,” &c. The word “saying” is apparently formal like our “thus saith,” &c. And his nobles.—For this association of the great men with the autocrat, comp. What a bellowing must have gone up to God when none of the cattle were watered or fed. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". Basil adds also, the young of cattle. K.J.V. We shall not bother with noting various and sundry objections as to how Jonah might have known certain words used in this passage, such as robe, decree, etc. It was then not an absolute monarchy. Jonah 3:7. John Trapp Complete Commentary. It proceeded probably from an indistinct consciousness that God cared for them also, and, that “they” were not guilty. 1859. herd nor flock. When Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed, many Corinthians believed also, Acts 18:8. Jonah 3:7 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Jonah 3:7, NIV: "This is the proclamation he issued in Nineveh: 'By the decree of the king and his nobles: Do not let people or animals, herds or flocks, taste anything; do not let them eat or drink." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/jonah-3.html. St. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". herd and flock; let none of these, whether at home in the stall, or abroad in the fold and herd. But, in answer to this, we must bear in mind what I have before said — that destruction had been denounced, not only on men, but also on the whole city, even on the buildings: for as God created the whole world for the sake of men, so also his wrath, when excited against men, includes the beasts, and trees, and every thing in heaven and on earth. Jonah 3:7-2 Chron 20:3. BibliographyTrapp, John. v.) as it was in droughts among some nations of America. Jonah 3 Jonah 3:7 When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes. Background1 Determining date and authorship of Jonah remains problematic, as explicit references do not exist within the narrative. Conversion of Nineveh. The same was the intention of different washings under the law, the cleansing of garments and of vessels; it was, that the people might know that every thing they touched was polluted by their filth. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". 1999. 1905. in the common danger, are put under a fast; this the general, which is afterwards expressed more particularly. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/jonah-3.html. "Commentary on Jonah 3:7".  Midrash Jonah, ed. said through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water: Amplified® 3 Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. But the disposition of man is prone to imitate what is evil: for we are all very like apes; we ought therefore always to consider by what spirit those were actuated whom we wish to imitate, lest we should be contented with the outward form and neglect the main things. The association of the nobles with the king in the decree (as in Medo-Persia, under Darius) throws light on the political state of Nineveh. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Where the prophet‘s cry, calling to repentance, had reached, the proclamation of the king followed, obeying. Nature was truer in the king of Nineveh. 7 This is the proclamation he issued in Nineveh: “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Do not let people or animals, herds or flocks, taste anything; do not let them eat or drink. But his object was to set before the Ninevites, as in a mirror or picture, what they deserved. "E.W. The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. "Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee." This they were now forbidden to do by an edict from the king, who interesteth himself in matters of religion; as did also Artaxerxes, Ezra 7:26 (for which Ezra seeth cause to bless God); and Nebuchadnezzar, Daniel 3:29, which the Scripture commendeth, and recordeth as a work of his repentance. Thankfully, we serve the God of a second chance. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". BibliographyGill, John. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. 1599-1645. "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". By the decree of the king and his nobles] Who all unanimously consenting to so good a work, iis quibus praeerant, praeibant, became a precedent to their inferiors, who looked upon them (no doubt) as their lookingglasses, by which most men dressed themselves.
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