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Actual leaves are microscopic. Common Name: Butcher's Broom - Knee Holly: Family: Ruscaceae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: The berries are purgative. The glossy dark green parts of the plant that appear to be leaves are actually shoots or stems that act as a base for the flowers and berries. Novel modern uses for this plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis. Ruscus parasiticus Gueldenst. Butcher's broom has tough, erect, striated stems with false thorny leaves. Actual leaves of this shrub are microscopic. laxus (Sm.) Habitats Common Name: Butcher's Broom. With over 3000 species, the lily family includes many medicinal and food species in addition to ornamentals. It is the original of the 'poets' laurel' so often seen in classic prints. With three petals and three sepals, each of the greeny-white flowers is 3-5mm across, and when fully grown the fruit-bearing berries are about 1cm across. Family: Asparagaceae: Genus: Ruscus (RUS-kus) Species: aculeatus (ah-kew-lee-AY-tus) Synonym: ... Its main common name comes from the practise of tieing branches together and using it … Ruscus has separate male and female plants. Butcher's broom is the active component in several produce formulations and topical treatments for venous diseases and venous insufficiency, such as varicose veins and hemorrhoids. ruscus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a slow rate. This species is believed to have been used by butchers to clean their blocks, hence the common name. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Hesperidin methyl chalcone also has been used as a marker for standardization in the product Cyclo 3 Fort. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Most species of Ruscus are dioecious (that is, have separate male and female plants) except for this species which sometimes has self-fertile flowers. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Synonym(s): Oxymyrsine pungens Bubani Country of Origin: Azores, w Europe, to Iran Habitat: edges of dry woods Description: flattened green shoots (cladodes) resembling leaves Accession Data: Accession # 198500202 Source: Unknown Accession Date: 12-31-1985 Bench: 2103 - MED:Mediterranean C The plant is native to Europe, the Black Sea area, northern Africa and the Azores. Ruscus aculeatus L.. Common Name: Butcher's Broom, Box Holly Family: Asparagaceae Juss. Chemical composition of butcher’s broom extract Ruscus aculeatus The herbal nomenclature is complicated by the fact that many herbal plants are called by the common name of broom; this indefinite and very common name clutters the entire range of herbal nomenclature and makes it hard to name specific plants. Ruscus laxus Sm. The actual leaves of this shrub are very small. Ruscus aculeatus L. Preferred Common Name. The plant has a long history of use. Ruscus aculeatus - known as butcher's-broom - is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spine-tipped leaves. View gallery. It is widely distributed, from Iran to the Mediterranean and the southern United States. Small booklet, nothing special. Family : Asparagaceae. Title Free for All. Ruscus ponticus ; International Common Names. It is hardy and tolerates drought, heat, and salt. Category. Butcher's-broom; Other Scientific Names. The specific epithet name aculeatus means prickly. Common name : Butcher's Broom. It, too has red berries - … The plant grows well in partial or lightly shaded sites, but will tolerate full shade, in a range of soil types, and in average well-drained soil. The plant grows well in partial or lightly shaded sites, but will tolerate full shade, in a range of soil types, and in average well-drained soil. Structural class. Available for Android and iOS devices. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Preferred Scientific Name. Novel uses for this plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis. Limited results showing some promise from clinical trials are available. Ruscus aculeatus was given its common name, butcher’s broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. Family. The bush does display ovate, thick, spiny-tipped, glossy dark green, leaf-like structures (to 1 1/2 inches long) that are flattened leaf-like shoots (modified stems) called cladophylls on which the flowers and fruits are borne. Conservation ... Ruscus aculeatus. Ruscus aculeatus, or Butcher's broom, is an evergreen shrub. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Butcher's broom also may be useful for orthostatic hypotension, although data is limited. Type of plant : Perennial. Germany: Stechender Maeusedorn; Italy: Bruscolo; Pungitopo; EPPO code. Historically, butchers would bundle its branches to … In the wholesale flower markets, soft ruscus is sold in 130cm or 60cm lengths and there are usually 4 - 5 stems per bunch. Family: Ruscaceae. Butcher’s broom is the common name for the root of the plant Ruscus aculeatus L. The HMPC conclusions only cover butcher’s broom preparations that are obtained by drying and powdering the roots and by putting the plant material in a solvent (such as ethanol) to … The plant develops edible shoots that are similar to asparagus in form. It is also widely planted in gardens, and has spread as a garden escape in many areas outside its native range. It may sucker to form colonies and you should cut away dead stems at the base of the plant in the spring. 1 It has rigid leaves that terminate in a single sharp spine. Latin names. Search: SPECIES: Ruscus aculeatus | Occurrence records | NBN Atlas; ... (scroll to see full list) Taxon. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Members can view this photo in high resolution. Other common names for Ruscus Aculeatus are: Butchers Broom, Knee Holly, Kneeholm, Sweet Broom and Jew's Myrtle. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. N.C. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It typically grows to 2-3' tall and as wide. Ruscus aculeatus occurs in woodlands and hedgerows, where it is tolerant of deep shade, and also on coastal cliffs. Scientific Name(s): Ruscus aculeatus Common Name(s): Box holly, Butcher's broom, Jew's myrtle, Knee holly, Kneeholm, Pettigree, Sweet broom. Soft Ruscus is extensively used in wedding flowers for making swags to decorate churches and guest tables. ]. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. The flowers appear in the middle of the cladopylls and the female flowers develop into red berries. The 2 primary active saponin compounds are ruscogenin and neoruscogenin. R. aculeatus was given its common name, butcher's broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. Ruscus aculeatus and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Contents 1 Uses Butcher's broom is a low-growing common evergreen shrub. Publisher Thorsons Publishers Year 1977 ISBN 0-7225-0445-4 Description Edible wild plants in Britain. Some cultivars are perfect flowered. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Small, dull gray-white flowers in spring. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. "Its native home is apparently central Mexico, but it has become naturalised in many other places include Europe, Japan, and North and South America." Ruscus aculeatus is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spinetipped leaves. Medicinal Uses Ruscaceae. Plants have a slowly creeping rootstock and will form large clumps. Small greenish flowers appear in spring, and are borne singly in the centre of the cladodes. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. 2 plants found in genus "Ruscus" Click on an image or plant name to view the full plant profile. Extracts have been dosed at 16 mg daily for chronic phlebopathy, while a topical cream formulation was used to apply 64 to 96 mg of extract daily. 1 more photos VIEW GALLERY. The discovery of new pharmacological activity of butcher's broom, particularly as a cytotoxic agent, demonstrate the need for continued research on butcher's broom. Early investigations during the 1950s indicated that extracts of butcher's broom could induce vasoconstriction and therefore might have use in the treatment of circulatory diseases. Ruscus aculeatus, commonly called butcher's broom, knee holly or piaranthus, is a prickly, mounded, rhizomatous, suckering, evergreen sub-shrub that is native to Europe, the Black Sea area, northern Africa and the Azores. and can be useful as a hedge. Scientific name. Extracts, decoctions, and poultices have been used throughout the ages, but the medicinal use of this plant did not become common until the last century. RUCAC (Ruscus aculeatus) Butcher's broom (Ruscus aculeatus) A variety of compounds have been isolated from butcher's broom. Ruscus aculeatus. Persists into winter. Common name. French: Fragon piquant; Local Common Names. Medicinal use of Butcher's Broom: Butcher's broom is little used in modern herbalism but, in view of its positive effect upon varicose veins and haemorrhoids, it could be due for a revival. Gray Ruscus dumosus E.D.Clarke Ruscus flexuosus Mill. Regardless of this trait, you should plant both sexes in a ratio of one male to six female if maximizing fruit production is desired. The German Commission E approves oral use for supportive therapy for discomforts of chronic venous insufficiency and complaints of hemorrhoids. 'Wheeler's Variety' form, Warren County NC, 'Wheeler's Variety' Young Form (Warren County,NC), 'Elizabeth Lawrence' Form (Warren County,NC), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). An increase in tone of veins can influence blood pressure allowing more blood to flow to the heart . Ruscus aculeatus, or Butcher's broom, is an evergreen shrub. The plant has a long history of use. Coming from the daisy family, this flowering plant is known by several common names, including the shaggy soldier, Peruvian daisy and hairy galinsoga. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Contraindications have not yet been identified. Butcher's broom has been used in many forms as a laxative, diuretic, treatment for circulatory disease, and cytotoxic agent, although limited results from clinical trials are available. Show more photos. Click Image for Full Profile Latin & Common Name Earmark Type & Form Flowers & Foliage; Ruscus aculeatus 'Sparkler' Ruscus, Butchers Broom: Shrub, Ground cover, Spikey: Non-flowering, Dark Green foliage: Ruscus aculeatus Butchers Broom, Ruscus: Glossy red fruit on female plants in fall (provided there is a male plant nearby). Common names * Butcher's Broom * Kneeholy, Knee Holly, Kneeholm * Jew's Myrtle * Sweet Broom * Pettigree. Genus Ruscus are rhizomatous evergreen subshrubs with flattened, leaf-like cladophylls bearing small pale green flowers, followed on female or hermaphrodite plants by glossy red berries Details R. aculeatus is a bushy sub-shrub to 75cm, with glossy lance-shaped cladophylls 2.5cm in length, flowering in spring, with glossy red berries on female plants in summer and autumn Butcher’s broom scientifically known as Ruscus aculeatus, is a member of the lily family with stiff, pointed leaf-like twigs, greenish white flowers and shiny red berries. The name of this plant should not be confused with broom (Cytisus scoparius) or Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). Butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus) is a small evergreen shrub.It’s native to Western Europe and has especially tough branches. Avoid use. Ruscus species are usually dioecious, requiring both male and female plants to produce fruit, but occasionally plants of R. aculeatus have self-fertile, or hermaphrodite, flowers. Another member of the same family is Ruscus racemosus or Alexandrinus, a favourite evergreen shrub with the leaf-like branches unarmed, and the racemes of small flowers terminal. The common name comes from the custom holly farmer to protect from mice with bunches of this plant, food items stored in the basement or in the pantry, but also from the agricultural practice of having crowns of dry branches of A. aculeatus, at the foot of … turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. It is in leaf all year, in flower from January to April, and the seeds ripen from August to March. No Image. More than 2000 years ago, it was noted as a laxative, diuretic, and a phlebotherapeutic (beneficial to veins) agent. Ruscus aculeatus var. Publication Author Ceres. Scientific name : Ruscus aculeatus. Butcher's broom has been used in clinical trials for chronic venous insufficiency standardized to 7 to 11 mg of ruscogenin. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. The plant is also commonly known as Knee Holly because, when mature, it reaches knee height. and can be useful as a hedge. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Ruscus aculeatus known as butcher's-broom is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spine-tipped leaves. The increasing popularity of natural and herbal remedies in Europe in the 1970s reaffirmed its position in modern medicine. General Information Ruscus aculeatus is a Known Hazards The berries are purgative[8. Family name. Clinical Overview Use The oval cladodes are typically 1.5cm across and 2.5cm long, each one terminating in a sharp spine. Latin name: Ruscus aculeatus. The flowers of this plant are insignificant, but they are followed by bright, waxy, red berries that last from late summer into the winter. Ruscus ponticus Woronow Homonyms Ruscus aculeatus L. Common names box-holly in English butcher's-broom in English fragon piquant in French petit houx in French stickmyrten in Swedish Stekelige muizendoorn in Dutch Latin Name: Ruscus Aculeatus Common name: Butcher’s Broom Family: Liliaceae Parts used: Root Constituents: Steroid saponins (4-6%): ruscogenin, ruscine, ruscoside, aglycones neoruscogenin, Benzofur… Common names: butcher’s broom, box holly, knee holly, kneeholy, kneeholm, Jew’s myrtle, sweet broom, pettigree, Maeusedornwurzelstock (German) General Description Ruscus aculeatus (butcher’s broom) is an evergreen shrub native to Mediterranean Europe and Africa. This is such a distinctive plant that detailed description is hardly necessary for identification purposes; you will know it right away when you come across it (by sight, preferably, but if the woods are dark then maybe initially by feel!). R. aculeatus was given its common name, butcher's broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. Herb: Butcher's Broom. Ruscus aculeatus belongs to the Flowering Plants group Ruscus aculeatus - L. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name … Category : Shrubs. Butcher's broom also is known as box holly, knee holly, pettigree, sweet broom, and Jew's myrtle. 9. It is hardy and tolerates drought, heat, and salt. Caution required if used in patients on treatment for high blood pressure. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Common names.
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