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Plato is the classical source of philosophical arguments for the immortality of the soul. Following contemporary Greek religious belief and Socrates assumption that everything is involved in an eternal cyclical process, Plato naturally understands immortality (and pre-existence) of the soul in terms of reincarnation. ♠Plato´s Dialogue "Phaedo" (Φαίδων): "Four Arguments to Prove the Inmortality of The Soul": _____ The dialogue Phaedo, which depicts the death of Socrates, is also Plato's fourth and last dialogue to detail the philosopher's final days, following Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito. He draws inspiration from the Greek myth that as the bowels of Hades are filled with the souls of the dead, so too is the land of the living repopulated from Hades. When asked if Plato is successful in doing so, one might not be so confident with their response. PHAEDO’S ARGUMENTS FOR THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL: A BRIEF OVERVIEW Dr. Ranjit Bhattacharyya Department of Philosophy, J.B, College(Autonomous), Jorhat, Assam, India ABSTRACT Concept of the soul is basically a religious belief. Logicians call such a leap in reasoning a non sequitur. A large portion of the Platonic dialogue Phaedo concerns itself with attempting to establish well enough the Socratic teaching of the immortality of the human soul. The cyclical and the argument from opposites serve in Plato’s view to justify his idea of immortality of souls. A Critique of Plato’s arguments in defence of immortality of the soul in the Phaedo. What the gospel account of the Passion and the Crucifixion was for Christians, the Phaedo was for pagan or free-thinking philosophers.1 But the imperturbability of Socrates in his last hour is bound up with his belief in immortality, and the Phaedo is important as setting forth, not only the death of a martyr, but also many doctrines which were afterwards Christian. Plato draws an analogy with sleep.   It is a series of three dialogues, revisiting the Platonic dialogue Phaedo , in which Socrates argues for the immortality of the soul, in preparation for his own death. The Phaedo takes places in 399 BC at the scene of the final days of Socrates’ life. Here, Echecretes asks him what happened on the day of Socrates’ death. In this work, Phaedo tells us about Socrates’ final days, who has been convicted to … The present article attempts to outline all Platonic arguments related to immortality of soul that has been discussed in Pheado. In the Phaedo, Plato offers four arguments for the immorality of the soul.. As a proof that the soul persists after death, Socrates offers a cyclical argument. However, I am. Is there an opposite to life, or not? Overview. In all, there seem to be three main types of arguments for immortality offered by Socrates in the Phaedo. By calling them ‘philosophical’ arguments I am distinguishing them from arguments which are based on empirical research, like research into near-death experiences, and from arguments which rely on premises taken from a particular religious tradition. The dialogue is primarily an argument for the immortality of the soul that Socrates is trying to convince his grief-ridden colleagues, and maybe indeed himself, of in order to prove that his execution is merely the separation of his soul from his body… and not his actual ‘death’. In essence, Phaedo is an explanation of immortality of the soul, as put across by Plato. The third argument, known as the Argument from Affinity, distinguishes between those things that are immaterial, invisible, and immortal, and those things that are material, visible, and perishable. When asked what the main objective of Plato’s Phaedo is, one would likely, confidently, claim that it is to prove the immortality of the soul. One of the main themes in the Phaedo is the idea that the soul is immortal. In this work, Phaedo tells us about Socrates’ final days, who has been convicted to death. Lecture 9 - Plato, Part IV: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul (cont.) Is this always so? Surname 2 Analysis of the Cyclical Argument for the immortality of the soul in Plato’s Phaedo Phaedo is a philosophical dialogue written by Plato concerning the immortality of the soul. These are; the Argument from Opposites (Cyclical Argument), the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity and the Argument from Form of Life (the Final Argument). The dialogue has four arguments. Episode 73, Plato’s Phaedo: The Death of Socrates (Part II - Arguments for the Soul’s Immortality) January 19, 2020 Jack Symes Welcome to 'Episode 73 (Part II of IV)', where we'll be unpacking three arguments for the soul’s immortality. Socrates offers four arguments to support the soul’s immortality: The first argument is termed as the Cyclical Argument or the Argument from Opposites. It has four main issues or arguments which Socrates presents as a way of proving the immortality of the soul. Phaedon is a defense of the simplicity and immortality of the soul. The soul belongs to the former category and the body to the latter. Death (PHIL 176) The lecture focuses exclusively on one argument for the immortality of the soul from Plato's Phaedo, namely, "the argument from simplicity. Professor Kagan elaborates on the “argument from simplicity” and discusses in detail Plato’s claims that the soul is simple, changeless and therefore indestructible. It contains the first extended discussion of the Theory of Forms, four arguments for the immortality of the soul, and strong arguments in favor of the philosophical life. Title: What arguments are there in the Phaedo for and against the immortality of the soul? Phaedo is one of the great dialogues by Plato that portrays Socrates’ final days and his discussion on the Immortality of the Soul. It features Socrates in his last hours before his death. Soul. Not sure why the other responses to this question seem to have avoided the question entirely, but I’ll try to answer it as simply as I can. In Plato s Phaedo, he argues that the soul will continue to exist, and that it will go on to a better place. The primary concern is to outline and analyse the related arguments as have been enlisted by Plato. 1 Tangaza PHC 352: Plato’s Phaedo – Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul Setting Phaedo is on his way home (Elis) from Athens, and he stops in town at Phlius. Two problems with the last argument for the immortality of the soul in Plato’s Phaedo. Four Arguments For The Immortality Of The Human Soul Presented By Plato In The Phaedo. This makes the Phaedo a particularly good dialogue for comparing the role of myth with Plato's Four Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul from the Phaedo part 4 4- Argument from Causation through Forms (Form of Life) (102b-107b) Objection: The soul pre-exists, but even if it continues after death, it might not be immortal; it might eventually wear out and perish. Statement of the problem Should a philosopher fear Death? A problem with the argument as outlined in your handout is that C1 (souls must be alive and cannot be dead) in fact does not follow logically from P1 (An organism has a soul if and only if it is alive). Therefore, the two statements Socrates proposes in his final argument that soul never admits death and that soul will retreat from the immortal body are inconsistent with each other. Lecture 8 - Plato, Part III: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul (cont.) In the Phaedo, several arguments are formulated to … Matthen, M. “Forms and Participants in Plato’s Phaedo .” Noûs 18:2 (1984) 281-297. This paper focuses on the immortality of soul with special reference to Plato's Phaedo. Philosophy is the practice for death, everything comes to be from its' opposite, the proof of recollection, the soul is not likely to be scattered, the soul is not like a harmony and that though opposites come to be from opposites, an opposite could never become an opposite to itself. Overview. Of course. However, in his final argument for the immortality of the soul, Socrates claims that when death approaches the body, soul will separate itself from the mortal body and retreats safely (106e). Plato’s main argument for the immortality of the soul is found in his Phaedo. Six arguments related to the concept of immortality have been discussed in Introduction. It goes hand to hand with the application of the theory of forms to the question of the soul's immortality, as Plato constantly reminds us, the theory of forms is the most certain of all his theories. but Phaedo occupies a central place on this topic in the history of thought. Plato’s 1st argument for the Immortality of the Soul from opposites and Theory of Reincarnation Plato’s Phaedo is a dialog between Phaedo, Cebes and Simmias where Socrates gives some arguments for the immortality of the soul.
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