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Most owners are considerate enough, however, to cut the tubes lengthwise to prevent the hedgehog from remaining trapped against its will. In the Middle East and especially among Bedouins, hedgehog meat is considered medicinal, and thought to cure rheumatism and arthritis. "Meet the Hedgehog: What feeds on lizards, chews venomous toad skins and coats its spiky body with frothy saliva? Facts about Hedgehogs, "Scientific name for Hedgehog is Erinaceinae". Like opossums, mice, and moles, hedgehogs have some natural immunity against some snake venom through the protein erinacin in the animal's muscular system, although it is available only in small amounts and a viper bite may still be fatal. , Hedgehogs are a food source in many cultures. Most hedgehogs can fit in an adult's hand. The normally oblique spines become erect, and the animal is transformed into a ball of formidable sharp spines that completely protect the vulnerable head, appendages, and soft belly. European hedgehog fast facts Alternative common names: West European hedgehog, common hedgehog Scientific name: Erinaceus europaeus Length: 15-30cm, plus 17-35mm for the tail Weight: Up to 2kg Average lifespan: 2-3 Hedgehogs are easily recognized by their spines, which are hollow hairs made stiff with keratin. , As with most small mammals living around humans, cars pose a great threat to hedgehogs. OUP Oxford. Antibiotic cover should be given. The scientific or taxonomic name would be Atelerix albiventris.AnswerThere are many species of hedgehog.  They are also said to cure a variety of illnesses and disorders from tuberculosis to impotence. Preferred Scientific Name Erinaceus europaeus Linnaeus 1758 Preferred Common Name European hedgehog International Common Names English: brown-breasted hedgehog; hedgehog, European; hedgehog, West erizo During hibernation, the body temperature of a hedgehog can decrease to about 2 °C (36 °F). Horizontal. They are not native to the United States and can no longer be imported, but many African hedgehogs are bred here. Many are run over as they attempt to cross roadways. The Alderney Blonde Hedgehog, tame and approachable due to the lack of predation. In the Uist group shorebird numbers declined by 39% in areas where hedgehogs are present between 1983 and 2000 (Jackson et al.  As with many introduced animals, it lacks natural predators. The most common pet species of hedgehog are hybrids of the white-bellied hedgehog or four-toed hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) and the North African hedgehog (A. algirus). Hedgehogs are born blind with a protective membrane covering their quills, which dries and shrinks over the next several hours. Updates? The term Hedgehog refers to any animal with spines or quills. They snuffle and snort while foraging and manipulate prey solely with the mouth, chewing with noisy smacking of the jaws. arizonicus (Rose ex Orcutt) L.D.  Their spiny protection resembles that of the unrelated porcupines, which are rodents, and echidnas, a type of monotreme. The African pygmy hedgehog is the species of miniature hedgehog most commonly kept as a pet. Hedgehogs share distant ancestry with shrews (family Soricidae), with gymnures possibly being the intermediate link, and they have changed little over the last 15 million years. Eradication can be troublesome. Other species kept as pets are the long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) and the Indian long-eared hedgehog (H. collaris). Corrections? The underside is covered by a sparse, coarse coat, ranging from white to black (sometimes mottled), depending upon the species. Erinaceids are generally shrew-like in form, with long snouts, and short tails. There are no special rituals, the winner finds the female by the smell.  Romani people still eat hedgehogs, boiled or roasted, and also use the blood and the fat for its supposed medicinal value. All hedgehogs are similar in body form, but some desert species have larger ears and longer legs. The most common species of pet hedgehog is the African pygmy hedgehog. This ringworm or dermatophytosis infection is caused by Trichophyton erinacei, which forms a distinct mating group within the Arthroderma benhamiae species complex.. It is a well-known species, and a favorite in European gardens, both for its … Other species kept as pets are the long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) and the Indian long-eared hedgehog (H. collaris). Having a metabolism adapted for low-fat, protein-rich insects, this leads to common problems of obesity. Hearing and smell, however, are acute; the ears are conspicuous, and the tapered, mobile muzzle ends in a moist, hairless nose. They are a small mammal with short limbs and a body low to the ground. Other namesurchin Horizontal. Some species, including the western European hedgehog, hibernate during the winter months, having accumulated fat under the skin and around the viscera and shoulders. Photo about The hedgehog curl up on the grass. Scientific name: Rrinaceus earopaeus. Body length is 14 to 30 cm (5.5 to 12 inches), and there is a stumpy and sparsely furred tail measuring 1 to 6 cm. Omissions? You can find these pets in a wide array of color patterns like salt and pepper, snowflake, and cinnamon. In this configuration hedgehogs are usually protected against mammalian predators, but they are still vulnerable to some species of hawks, eagles, and owls owing to the birds’ scaly legs and long, sharp talons. They can be found in Europe, Asia and Africa, and they are an invasive resident of New Zealand. However, the immature animal's spines normally fall out as they are replaced with adult spines. Space for copy. Horizontal. Download royalty-free Hedgehog, (Scientific name: Erinaceus europaeus) Wild, native, European hedgehog in natural garden habitat with green grass and yellow buttercup. Pigs, honey badgers, mongooses, and hedgehogs all have mutations in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor that prevent the snake venom α-neurotoxin from binding, though those mutations developed separately and independently. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). var. In Ireland, hedgehogs are one of the most common mammalian road fatalities. Other species living in especially hot or seasonal regions may enter short periods of torpor. algirus). Find Hedgehog Scientific Name Erinaceus Europaeus Native stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Hedgehog burrows can be up to 20 inches (50 cm) deep, according to the San …  When the animal encounters a new scent, it will lick and bite the source, then form a scented froth in its mouth and paste it on its spines with its tongue. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Common Name: African pygmy hedgehog Scientific Name: Atelerix albiventris Adult Size: 5 to 8 inches long, weighing between 1/2 to 1 1/2 pounds Life Expectancy: 3 to 6 years in captivity African Pygmy Hedgehog Hedgehog scientific name is Erinaceinae. Together that means “ineffective fighter with a white belly”. Hedgehogs are fairly vocal and communicate through a combination of grunts, snuffles and/or squeals, depending on species. Squamous cell spreads quickly from the bone to the organs in hedgehogs, unlike in humans. It contains two subfamilies: The well-known hedgehogs of the subfamily Erinaceinae and the gymnures, or moonrats, of the subfamily Galericinae. Scientific name: Erinaceus europaeus Famously covered in spines, hedgehogs like to eat all sorts of bugs, but especially slugs and crunchy beetles. The Hystricidae porcupines stay on the ground for … Scientific name: Erinaceus Family name: Erinaceidae Classification: Mammal IUCN status: Least concern Lifespan (in wild): Around seven years Weight: Up to 1.1kg Body length: 14cm – 30cm Top speed: 9.5km/h bursts The young are blind and helpless and have soft scattered white spines at birth that are replaced in three to five days by darker permanent spines. Hedgehogs range throughout Eurasia south of the taiga and tundra (excluding Japan and the Tibetan Plateau) into Asia Minor and the Arabian Peninsula, most of Africa (excluding tropical rainforest), and various portions of India. In Italy, it is illegal to keep wild hedgehogs as pets.. https://www.britannica.com/animal/hedgehog-mammal, San Diego Zoo - Animals and Plants - Hedgehog, hedgehog - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), hedgehog - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).  The hedgehog's back contains two large muscles that control the position of the quills. Together the hedgehogs and gymnures comprise the family Erinaceidae, the only living family in the … Fatty liver disease is believed by many to be caused by bad diet. It is a generally common and widely distributed species that can survive across a wide range of habitat types. There are no hedgehogs native to Australia, and no living species native to the Americas. Hedgehogs occasionally perform a ritual called anointing. Hedgehog, wild native, European hedgehog on a green moss log, facing left. Retrieved 13 July 2007. Western European hedgehogs can curl into a ball by 11 days after birth. No such restrictions exist in most European countries with the exception of Scandinavia. Space for copy. The mating season comes in the spring, after hibernation, or in the summer. The name hedgehog came into use around the year 1450, derived from the Middle English heyghoge, from heyg, hegge ("hedge"), because it frequents hedgerows, and hoge, hogge ("hog"), from its piglike snout. neomexicanus auct. Hedgehogs shelter by day beneath vegetation, in rock crevices, beneath overhanging rock ledges, or in burrows they excavate by using their forefeet. An African Pygmy Hedgehogs scientific name is Atelerix meaning “ineffective fighter. The name hedgehog can more broadly be applied to all species in this family. The European hedgehog is the UK's only spiny mammal. Curled into a ball in fallen Autumn leaves. Hedgehogs living in the wild are often infested with ticks, fleas and mites, which are small insect parasites causing itchy, irritating skin issues. non (Standl.) Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Since the effectiveness of this strategy depends on the number of spines, some desert hedgehogs that evolved to carry less weight are more likely to flee or attack, ramming an intruder with the spines; rolling into a spiny ball for those species is a last resort. Hedgehogs are more active and range further than many people realise. As with many animals, it is not unusual for an adult male hedgehog to kill newborn males. Together the hedgehogs and gymnures comprise the family Erinaceidae, the only living family in the order Erinaceomorpha. Hedgehogs are solitary, tolerating one another only during courtship and copulation and until the young are old enough at four to seven weeks to disperse from the nest. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The most common pet species of hedgehog are hybrids of the white-bellied hedgehog or four-toed hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) and the North African hedgehog (A. They typically weigh from 5 to 56 ounces (155 to 1,584 grams), depending on the species. and Arundell House, The Strand, Westminster", "The Tale of Mrs. Tiggy-Winkle by Beatrix Potter", Hedgehog reference at the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Natural History of European Hedgehogs (Wildlife Online), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hedgehog&oldid=990197514, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2016, Articles with trivia sections from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 10:15. Females will sometimes eat their offspring if the nest is disturbed soon after birth, and males will attack and eat young hedgehogs of the same species. Curiously, some hedgehogs still knowingly get themselves stuck for hours. The Idiot (Oxford World's Classics) (p. 538). The purpose of this habit is unknown, but some experts believe anointing camouflages the hedgehog with the new scent of the area and provides a possible poison or source of infection to predators poked by their spines. , In Britain, the main predator is the badger. Their population also appears to mix well, in connected habitats, and hog-lovers who have tagged their ‘resident hog’ have been surprised to find that what they thought was one hedgehog visiting their garden was actually a dozen or more different individuals. They range in size from 4 to 12 inches (10 to 30 centimeters), according to the San Diego Zoo. Most species weigh under 700 grams (1.5 pounds), but the common western European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) can grow to 1,100 grams. Kindle Edition. All wild hedgehogs can hibernate, though not all do, depending on temperature, species, and abundance of food. Hedgehog Erinaceus albiventris The common name is the hedgehog. Northern white-breasted hedgehog, Erinaceus roumanicus Amur hedgehog, Erinaceus amurensis Southern white-breasted hedgehog, Erinaceus concolor European hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus Northern white-breasted hedgehog, Erinaceus roumanicus The mating season comes in the spring, after hibernation, or in the summer. Then check out our adorable hedgehog facts… Fast hedgehog facts. In addition to the three species of Eurasian hedgehogs (genus Erinaceus), there are four African hedgehogs (genus Atelerix), six desert hedgehogs (genus Hemiechinus), and two steppe hedgehogs (genus Mesechinus). Diet: invertebrates. The species common name is derived from the number of toes found on its hind feet. Fatty liver disease is one sign, heart disease is another. Rock rose in Spanish is known Although traditionally classified in the now abandoned order Insectivora, hedgehogs are omnivorous. [clarification needed] Tests have suggested that hedgehogs share the same electrical activity as cats.. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added Find out more about this garden favourite and some simple things you could do to help any in your area. Hedgehogs are also known to be highly susceptible to pneumonia. The average litter is 3–4 newborns for larger species and 5–6 for smaller ones. Hedgehog Scientific Classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Erinaceomorpha Family Erinaceidae Genus Atelerix Scientific Name Atelerix Albiventris Hedgehog Conservation Status: Least Concern Family: Erinaceidae Hedgehog Erinaceus albiventris . Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. They should not be kept in close captivity, but regarded as welcome visitors. The significance of this behaviour is unknown. It is a mammal from the subfamily Erinaceinae, which is in the order Erinaceomorpha. As the animal curls, this muscle and several smaller connecting muscles contract the upperparts into a bag (like a drawstring) into which the head, body, and legs are drawn. The western European hedgehog inhabits forest margins, grasslands, scrub, hedgerows, and suburban gardens. The African pygmy hedgehog or four-toed hedgehog is the smallest of the hedgehog species and is the species often sold for the pet trade. Of another 135 hedgehog carcasses collected from throughout Ireland, there were significantly more males than females collected, with peaks in male deaths occurring in May and June. Hedgehogs use their acute sense of smell to locate food, grabbing active prey with the mouth as they root around in leaf litter and among plant roots. , In 1981 Welsh pub-owner Philip Lewis began the manufacture of "hedgehog-flavoured" crisps. They are also capable of short bursts of speed, raising their body high off the ground as they run on the hairless soles of their feet. They are … When the creature is rolled into a ball, the quills on the back protect the tucked face, feet, and belly, which are not quilled. They feed on insects, snails, frogs and toads, snakes, bird eggs, carrion, mushrooms, grass roots, berries, melons and watermelons. They are, however, much larger than shrews, ranging from 10 to 15 centimeters in body length and 40 to 60 grams in weight in the case of the short-tailed gymnure, up to 26 to 45 centimeters and 1 to 1.4 kilograms in th… Hedgehogs are not rodents, they are seventeen species of small animals in their own family. The air can be removed by incising or aspirating through the skin over the back. They construct large nests of dry vegetation in burrow chambers or beneath vegetation on dry ground. Scientific Name: Atelerix albiventris. The most common is squamous cell carcinoma. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In Morocco, inhaling the smoke of the burnt skin or bristles is a purported remedy for fever, male impotence, and urinary illnesses. Common name: hedgehog. Populations tend to be scattered between suitable savannah or cropland habitats, avoiding forested areas. ", "Olfactory reactions in the brain of the hedgehog", Litter – Burlington and MIDI (04/19/2004), Social Behaviour / Territoriality / Predation / Learning: West European Hedgehog, "The value of agri-environment schemes for macro-invertebrate feeders: Hedgehogs on arable farms in Britain", "Hedgehogs are a prickly issue in some states", "Hedgehogs pose prickly problem for native fauna", "18 Trappers Sought for Hebrides to Protect Birds from Hedgehogs", "Hedgehog 'blown up like beach ball' has balloon syndrome", "Inflated 'balloon' hedgehog saved from 'rupturing' by vet", "A community for African Pygmy Hedgehog Owners and Breeders – Environmental Enrichment", "Roast hedgehog and nettle pud – a slap-up feast for ancient Britons", "Trade in hedgehogs (Mammalia: Erinaceidae) in Morocco, with an overview of their trade for medicinal purposes throughout Africa and Eurasia", "ONSLOW, Sir Richard (1601–64), of West Clandon, Surr. Close up with clean background Hedgehog Scientific name: Erinaceus europaeus with his tongue out. If you are bringing home a pet hedgehog, you are going to need a name for your new prickly friend.Popular names for these little creatures often reference their bristles. Female deaths outnumbered males only in August, with further peaks in female deaths observed in June and July.  Other names include urchin, hedgepig and furze-pig. What about one that can fit in your hand, but scares the kids next door? It’s time for the lowdown on one of our planet’s cutest critters! Hedgehog, (subfamily Erinaceinae), any of 15 Old World species of insectivores possessing several thousand short, smooth spines. A hedgehog slinking across the patio shortly before dusk. In mammals, the olfactory part of the brain is covered by neopallium, making it difficult to expose. Surgery to remove the tumors is rare because it would result in removing too much bone structure. Scientific name Atelerix albiventris Lifespan 3 years (in the wild) Diet Omnivorous Weight 350 g Length 14 - 28 cm Conservation Least Concern “ Not with that smelly hedgehog hanging around. Larger species of hedgehogs live 4–7 years in the wild (some have been recorded up to 16 years), and smaller species live 2–4 years (4–7 in captivity), compared to a mouse at 2 years and a large rat at 3–5 years. Anointing is sometimes also called anting because of a similar behavior in birds. Origin: native European hedgehog ( Erinaceus europaeus) European hedgehog (. Hedgehogs sleep for a large portion of the day under bushes, grasses, rocks, or most commonly in dens dug in the ground, with varying habits among the species. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Hedgehogs are closely related to gymnures. The cream-coloured spines are banded with brown and black, and coloration of the upperparts ranges from speckled cream to brown, depending upon the width of the pigmented bands; some individuals are black (melanistic). L.D. When do Hedgehogs Hibernate – Hedgehogs are to be found in almost every part of Europe and Britain except in some areas of Scotland. In the wild these animals are found in Europe, Asia and Africa. Up to 60% of nests of some wader species on South Uist were destroyed by hedgehogs in the 1996 and 1997 breeding seasons (Jackson and Green, 2000). European hedgehogs are kept as pets, as is the African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris).