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In general, climates throughout this region are warm and humid year-round, so make sure your rain gear is light and breathable and your shoes waterproof. The country is divided into three seasons. Depending on your location and itinerary, visiting during the southwest monsoon season, in particular, can have a significant impact on your plans. In northern Thailand, the dry season extends from November through May, with the latter half of that time period experiencing higher relative temperatures. The climate is dominated by tropical rainforest climate that is common on all the islands and tropical monsoon climate that is common along Java’s coastal north. The highland zone has the coldest climate. However, even in what's technically considered the dry season, the farther south you go, the rain becomes more plentiful. The second season is the northeast monsoon or winter which occurs between October and February and is characterized by mild temperature. Southeast Asia is home to some of the world’s most significant natural and cultural diversity. Although no one appreciates rain on a big trip, the annual monsoons replenish fresh water, keep the scenery green, and are crucial for the rice farmers. 1.3 Southeast Asia Climate Guide Table I know from experience there are numerous blog posts and websites out there with extraordinarily detailed climate guides. What to pack: Your suitcase to Southeast Asia should contain pretty much the same types of clothing, no matter in which season you plan to visit. Vietnam doesn't have significant shifts in weather or temperature throughout the year, but because of its elongated shape, the weather differs significantly between the north and the south. Add to that the mountainous highlands, where additional cooling and a drop in humidity takes place no matter what the season. Phan Thiet is 72 miles from South East Asia, so the actual climate in South East Asia can vary a bit. It is a large region with a climate affected by a variety of different but interrelated weather systems. Indonesia is the largest country in Southeast Asia and also the largest archipelago in the world. There is a lot of rainfall during the wet, monsoon season , due to seasonal shift in winds and the effect of the tropical rain belt . Although Mother Nature doesn't always follow the rules, the weather in Southeast Asia is somewhat predictable. to climate change impacts in Southeast Asia. Such initiatives, however, are inherently complex. The region receives plenty of rain throughout the year, especially during the wet monsoon season due to the effects of tropical rain belt and the seasonal shifting of wind. Laos experiences three main seasons; hot and humid, dry and hot, and cool and dry during the region’s monsoon season. The country with the best climate in Southeast Asia is Thailand. Greg Rodgers is a freelance writer and photographer from Kentucky. Yet, on the Andaman side of Thailand (near Phuket and Koh Lanta) rains come as early as April; and in the east (near Koh Tao and Koh Samui) monsoon rains hold off until September. However, the rains can begin earlier and last longer than October. Southwestern sections of the continent experience low relief as a result of the subtropical high pressure belt; they are hot in the sum… If high elevations are in your travel plans, a jacket might be necessary too. And while both a dry and rainy season still exist, travel here year-round can be pleasant. A tropical climate is a non-arid type of climate in which all the months of the year have a mean temperature of warmer than 18°C, with the temperatures remaining almost constant throughout the year. Northern Laos experiences a tropical climate, while the southern part of the country is subequatorial, making the weather experience wildly different across its various regions. Sunny and warm are the ideal conditions for any trip to Southeast Asia, but famous attractions and popular destinations are the most crowded during the dry and sunny months. However, with much of the population and infrastructure located in coastal and river deltas, hundreds of millions of people are at great risk from the impacts of climate change, particularly sea level rise, and climate AND weather variability and greenhouse gas emissions. However, avoid May and October if possible, however, as typhoons can touch down during these months causing mass devastation and leaving you stranded. If your itinerary includes the beach, don't forget your swimsuit, a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen. To prepare for the effects of climate change, businesses in the region need to … Southeast Asia consist of two geographic regions; the mainland (Indochina) which consist of Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, West Malaysia, Thailand, and part of East India. Additionally, as wet conditions cause an increase in the mosquito population, dengue fever becomes prevalent. And, tropical or not, nights often feel cool, anyway, after an afternoon of sightseeing in scorching temperatures. This assessment was carried out by overlaying climate hazard maps, sensitivity maps, and adaptive capacity maps following the vulnerability assessment framework of the United Nations’ Inter-governmental Panel on Climate … The dry season runs from April to October and the wet season is from November to March. But during the rainy season, from January to May, expect heat and humidity to persevere with the same city experiencing 84 degrees Fahrenheit (29 degrees Celsius) on average. The region is comprised of islands and the mainland and includes eleven countries. Luckily, showers tend to pop up at random times during the day to cool things down. The country has two distinct seasons; dry and wet seasons, with no extreme winter or summer. Laos has a tropical monsoon climate with two distinct seasons: May to October is the rainy season and November to April is the dry season. The new State of Southeast Asia 2020 survey report released by Singapore’s ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute shows that climate change is now among the top security concerns expressed by regional experts and opinion leaders. It experiences two types of climate and widely different weather patterns across its various regions. Northern Vietnam and Myanmar Himalayas are the only part in Southeast Asia that has a subtropical climate that has winter with snow. Traveling during the rainy season is a mixed blessing. The lowest temperatures, usually in December, are around 15C/59F. The tropical climate is sub-divided into three distinct varieties based on the amount and patterns of precipitation. He's been covering all things Asia for TripSavvy since 2010. By using Tripsavvy, you accept our. It is subject to an extensive and regular monsoonal weather system (i.e., one in which the prevailing winds reverse direction every six months) that produces marked wet and dry periods in most of the region. Northern regions have hot and humid summers and cool and wet winters. Temperatures in Hanoi can be quite cool, actually, with lows reaching 59 degrees Fahrenheit (15 degrees Celsius) during the months of December, January, and February. It's a great time to lounge on a remote beach or go snorkeling or diving to see world-class coral reefs. Despite its relatively compact size, Southeast Asia has a varied climate that matches its varied geography though it could be said that the region experiences two distinct seasons - the wet and the dry. Half of the climate zones that exist on Earth can be found in South Asia. Indonesia. The southwest monsoon typically begins early June and finishes in late September, a pattern that especially affects Thailand between May and October. All the eleven countries except East Timor are members of the Association of South East Asian Nations. Sixty million people living in Southeast Asia’s Mekong River Basin are sustained by the river. The ultraviolet index is high in these countries, making the possibility of sunburn and resulting skin damage high. South and Southeast Asia most at risk by climate change The Global Climate Risk Index 2019 released at the Katowice summit shows that intense cyclones, excessive rainfall and severe floods make India and its neighbours among the worst affected countries in the world Image from Climate Risk Index 2019, Germanwatch Soumya Sarkar, December 5, 2018 It is also the only country in the region that is crossed by the equator. The climate is characterized by two seasons; wet and dry seasons. Thailand is located at the center of the Indochinese Peninsula and covers an area of approximately 198,120 square miles. The region is known for its tropical countries with lowlands and coastal areas making up most of its environment, and is hence more vulnerable to sea-level rise from climate change. Businesses worldwide are facing climate risks, and companies with operations or supply chains in Southeast Asia are exposed to a range of climate hazards and vulnerabilities that can exacerbate these risks. Deadline; October 30, 2020. The climate varies from steamy tropical heat in forested valleys dotted with hidden temples, to cooler weather in remote mountain villages. So, grab a jacket before you head out to the country's famous botanical gardens because, while the seasons barely differ here, you may encounter a passing shower should you visit between November and January. Because certain island destinations are difficult to reach when the seas become rough, it's best to visit during the dry season from December to May. Annual Weather Averages in Phan Thiet. June and July are some of the coolest months in Manila, hovering around 82 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius), making it a great time to walk around the ancient walled city of Old Manila. Vietnam, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Thailand are among 10 countries in the world most affected by climate change in the past 20 years, according to the Global Climate Risk Index (pdf) compiled by Germanwatch, an environmental group. The best time to visit is between November and February when the temperatures are mild and nights can make it down as low as 64 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees C). The regions under this climate are frost-free and experience little changes in the solar angles. This type of tropical climate receives an average of at least 2.4 inches of precipitation. Days are coolest during the dry season, which opposes Thailand's dry season and lasts from June to September, when temperatures hover around 79 degrees Fahrenheit (26 degrees Celsius). Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. The country experiences relatively constant weather throughout the year. Learn how to protect yourself and know the symptoms of this mosquito-borne illness. The climate of Southeast Asia is mainly tropical and this tends to mean the weather is hot and humid most of the year. Climate—Wet and Dry, Hot and Cold. However, in the tropics, the cold never last for long, even during the rainy season. Southeast Asia is one of the world's most popular tourist destinations, and for a reason. Average temperatures in Southeast Asia have risen every decade since 1960. It comprises of countries and territories that are located south of Korea, Japan, and China, north of Australia, to the east of India, and to the west of Papua New Guinea. It's then when rainfall amounts can reach up to 252 millimeters a month. Mainland SE Asia and the Philippines are mostly warm and dry but temperatures aren’t as scorching as at other times in the year. Greenpeace Philippines campaigner Desiree Llanos Dee told Southeast Asia Globe that climate activists have been organising over the past week in Manila and elsewhere in the lead-up to the global event. Indonesia is the largest country in the region and also the largest archipelago in the world. Apart from the location, the climate of the region is also influenced by distance from the water bodies such as oceans or seas, prevailing winds, movement of upper air system such as a hurricane, and ocean current. The average temperature is between 25C/77F and 30C/84F. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Southeast Asian Nations: Sizes, Capitals, And Populations, Southeast Asian Countries Where Buddhism Is The Religion Of The Majority, Southeast Asian Countries Where Islam Is The Religion Of The Majority. It is the only region of the continent of Asia that is located both in the Southern Hemisphere and partly within the Northern Hemisphere. Considering the realities of global progress towards lowering greenhouse gas emissions, initiatives focusing on climate adaptation and climate resiliency are increasingly important. The high… Geologically, the Indonesian archipelago is one of the most volcanically active regions in the world. The World Bank countsVietnam among five countries most likely to be affected by global warming in th… The region is bordered by East Asia, South Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, and Oceania.
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