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This new Encyclopedia draws upon articles in The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2nd Edition (described by Choice as being "a premier resource when judged on virtually every criteria applied to a reference work") with revisions as well as new articles.The purpose of the volume is to provide classroom researchers, teacher educators, and teachers with a sound, reas Who is a teacher educator? The volume has two parts. Teacher educators may be defined specifically as "those who hold tenure-line positions in teacher preparation in higher education institutions, teach beginning and advanced students in teacher … Formal ceremonies, such as the puberty rite, marked the point at which it was assumed that a certain range of knowledge and skill had been mastered and that the individual could be admitted to full participation in tribal life. Donna Couchenour, Ph.D. is Professor Emerita of Teacher Education at Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania. The International Encyclopedia of Teaching and Teacher Education (Advances in Education) The International Encyclopedia of Teaching and Teacher Education (Advances in Education) [Dunkin, Michael J.] Teacher education refers to the policies and procedures designed to equip teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the school and classroom. From A-to-Z, this Encyclopedia will cover the full spectrum of diversity issues, including race, class, gender, religion, language, exceptionality, and the global dimensions of diversity as they relate to education. Individuals with secondary education are eligible candidates to take university and … This collection of essays on teacher education encompasses the breadth of significant scholarship from some of the best-known educational scholars and emerging researchers in the field. The broadest conception of who is a teacher educator includes everyone who teaches prospective and practicing teachers, from their freshman English professors and those who teach special methods courses to those who supervise student teaching. She received her bachelor’s degree in elementary and early childhood education from Clarion University of Pennsylvania, master’s degree in child development from West Virginia University and Ph.D. in Human Development and Family Studies from The Ohio State University. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. on Amazon.com. Preservice education includes all the stages of education and training that precede the teacher’s entry to paid employment in a school. TEACHER EDUCATION. The license was granted only after an examination of the applicant’s “learning and dexterity in teaching,” “sober and honest conversation,” and “right understanding of God’s true religion.” Thus the certification of teachers and concern for their character and personal qualities are by no means new issues. This does not mean, however, that prior to the 19th century little attention was given to a training in teaching methods as distinct from “subjects.” The great works of medieval scholasticism were essentially textbooks that were designed to be used for the purpose of teaching. Teacher education and training represent the first-level university or nonuniversity studies (including teaching practice at school), pedagogical placement, and qualification examination. This encyclopaedia is a dynamic and living reference that student teachers, teacher educators, researchers and professionals in the field of education with an accent on all aspects of teacher education, including: teaching practice; initial teacher education; teacher induction; teacher development; professional learning; teacher education policies; quality assurance; professional knowledge, standards and organisations; teacher ethics; and research on teacher education, among other issues. Knowing, doing, teaching, and learning were for many centuries—and in some societies are still today—indistinguishable from one another. Teachers, Teacher Education, and Professional Development. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. She taught there privately 1924-34 and studied 1927-38 with Lyell Gustin. The history of teacher education in Cleveland reflects earlier national and state movements to begin normal schools, needed because of the establishment of the common school during the first half of the 19th century (1789-1860). Publisher Website. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Global Perspectives on Teacher Education. The professionals who engage in training the prospective teachers are called teacher educators (or, in some contexts, teacher trainers). The field of education has experienced extraordinary technological, societal, and institutional change in recent years, making it one of the most fascinating yet complex fields of study in social science. Today, as in the medieval world, methods of teaching and the organization of knowledge continue to be reciprocally influential. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The evolution of teacher education. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Online Education provides a thorough and engaging reference on all aspects of this field, from the theoretical dimensions of teaching online to the technological aspects of implementing online courses—with a central focus on the effective education of students. Search. Encyclopedia of Adult Education, 1st edn., pp 269–273. Teaching is a dynamic profession, and education plays a pivotal role in nation building. Five unions representing 126 000 teachers went on strike in Ontario, the largest teacher strike ever in north America. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, however learners can … The National Education Philosophy and Teacher Education Philosophy serve as a guide for developing professional and competent teachers and meeting international standards. Pianist, teacher, born Concord, Mass, 21 Feb 1908, died 18 Oct 2009, naturalized Canadian 1971; ATCM 1927. The inward/outward looking nature of the field of philosophy ofeducation alluded to above makes the task of delineating the field, ofgiving an over-all picture of the intellectual landscape, somewhatcomplicated (for a detailed account of this topography, see Phillips1985, 2010). By its nature, the Encyclopedia provides on an order of magnitude more articles than found in a handbook and is therefore likely to meet the needs of those working in science education when they are looking for a quick briefing on key ideas about some theme or other.” (Keith S. Taber, Teacher … In developed and developing countries alike, no factor is of greater importance in relation to the quantity and quality of education; it is significant that a substantial proportion of the budget of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is devoted to the improvement of teacher preparation. Vice-Chancellor, University of Hull, England, 1985–91; University of Huddersfield, 1994–95. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. State, church, and local authorities everywhere have long recognized the importance of the teacher’s work in maintaining or establishing particular patterns of social organization and systems of belief, just as radical and reformist politicians and thinkers have looked to the schools to disseminate their particular brands of truth. Parents, elders, priests, and wise men have traditionally seen it as their duty to pass on their knowledge and skills to the next generation. Previously there was little or no interest in or need for teacher education. The accent will be equally on teaching practice and practitioner knowledge, skills and understanding as well as current research, models and approaches to teacher education. Preservice education includes all the stages of education and training that precede the teacher’s entry to paid employment in a school. The teachers protested reforms put forward by the Mike Harris government. (Mary) Alma Brock-Smith, (b Sheasgreen). Teacher educators may be defined specifically as "those who hold tenure-line positions in teacher preparation in higher education institutions, teach beginning and advanced students in teacher education, and conduct research or engage in scholarly studies germane to teacher education" (Ducharme, p. 6). Members of this audience include: graduate students, university professors working outside their area of expertise, and classroom teachers searching for a body of knowledge to inform, guide and/or justify their teaching practices. The term “teacher” in this article is used to mean those who work in schools providing education for pupils up to the age of 18. ... Music education workshops for elementary classroom teachers of Franklin Country, Illinois. The role and responsibilities of elementary and secondary school teachers have undergone a significant evolution since the publication of the first edition of the Encyclopedia of Education. As Aristotle put it, the surest sign of wisdom is a man’s ability to teach what he knows. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Universal literacy, already achieved in most European and American and many Asian societies, has become the goal of all. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion and directed research. In-service training is the education and training that the teacher receives after the beginning of his career. Who teaches the teachers? Thus, “teacher education” refers to the structures, institutions, and processes by means of which men and women are prepared for work in elementary and secondary schools. In an increasing proportion of countries every child now proceeds automatically to secondary education; many remain at school until 16 or 18 years of age, and large numbers go on to some form of postsecondary education and training. Author of. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for ... # International encyclopedia of education (1st ed. Education . The highly acclaimed Encyclopedia of Special Education addresses the practical, clinical, and research issues of critical importance to the field today. Omissions? Although teacher education has been recognized as a key aspect of educational policy and practice, especially over the past few decades, the research undertaken to inform policy is in many respects inadequate. This online reference work provides the breadth and depth of content Elsevier is known for and also offers a great deal more when it comes to flexibility, accessibility, and most importantly, usability. Not logged in Encyclopedia of Teacher Education pp 1-5; doi:10.1007/978-981-13-1179-6_411-1 . The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching explores the theoretical and practical aspects of English language instruction by providing an essential, go-to reference resource for educators, professionals, researchers, and students world-wide. The strike ended Nov 7. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In-service training is the education and training that the teacher receives after the beginning of his career. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. This four-volume reference work will be the definitive reference for diversity issues in education in the United States and the world. The online version of this reference work is available exclusively on ScienceDirect! The Encyclopedia is international in scope and encompasses the breadth of significant scholarship in the field of teacher education from both well-known and emerging scholars. Unequalled in its combination of authoritative scholarship and comprehensive coverage, International Encyclopedia of Education, Third Edition succeeds two highly successful previous … Description. In medieval and post-Reformation Europe, for example, there was considerable concern with the qualifications and background of teachers, mainly but not entirely with reference to their religious beliefs. The Encyclopedia is an authoritative work by a collective of leading world scholars representing different cultures and traditions, the global policy convergence and counter-practices relating to the teacher education profession. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Historically, teachers have been viewed as purveyors of content knowledge and academic skills, but teachers in the early twenty-first century have also become ambassadors to multicultural communities and promulgators … While arrangements of one kind or another for the education of the young have existed at all times and in all societies, it is only recently that schools have emerged as distinctive institutions for this purpose on a mass scale, and teachers as a distinctive occupational category. The Encyclopedia is an authoritative work by a collective of leading world scholars representing different cultures and traditions, the global policy convergence and counter-practices relating to the teacher education profession. Nor are the problems that today surround the qualifications and certification of teachers wholly new. Even in the formally established schools of the Greek city-states and of the medieval world there was little separation between, on the one hand, the processes of organizing and setting down knowledge and, on the other, those of teaching this knowledge to others. Teacher education, any of the formal programs that have been established for the preparation of teachers at the elementary- and secondary-school levels. Teachers Strike in Ontario. The purpose of the volume is to provide classroom researchers, teacher educators, and teachers with a sound, reasonable body of knowledge … It both historically captures the terms, individuals, laws, and societal movements of more than four decades of Special Education, it also chronicles the evolution of special education. Principal, University of London, 1983–85; Director, Institute of Education, 1973–83. Teacher education, as it exists today, can be divided into two stages, preservice and in-service. In early times, teachers were often scholars or clergymen who had no formal training in how to teach the subjects of their expertise. 184.108.40.206, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1179-6, Reference Module Humanities and Social Sciences, (Re)thinking Teacher Educator Professional Identity, A Social Justice Framework for Teachers: Key Concepts and Applications, Academic Mathematics in Secondary School Mathematics Teacher Education, Addressing Rising Nationalism and Populism Through Global Citizenship Education, Adventure Expeditions as Innovative Educational Practice, Affective Curriculum for Helping the Social and Emotional Well-Being of Gifted Children, Applying Post Concepts: Theorizing Voice and Power with Foucault, Butler, and Deleuze and Guattari, Aquinas as a Guide for Teaching Philosophy, Art, Technology, and Frankenstein’s Legacy, Bauman, Education as a Process in the Liquid Modernity, Belonging for ‘Outsiders Within’, A Critical Race Perspective on Whiteness as a Means of Promoting the ‘Insider Without’ Syndrome, Black Female Leaders in Education, Role, Reflections, and Experiences. In 1559 Queen Elizabeth I of England issued an injunction that prohibited anyone from teaching without a license from his bishop. Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Late 19th- and early 20th-century developments, Organization of teacher education in the 20th century, Appointment procedures and probationary requirements, https://www.britannica.com/topic/teacher-education, King's College London - The Importance of Teacher Education, Academia - The Importance of Action Research in Teacher Education Programs, American Library Association - Information Literacy Standards for Teacher Education. The accent will be equally on teaching practice and practitioner knowledge, skills and understanding as well as current research, models and approaches to teacher education.
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